Announcing the Model 15 Scanner

A Breakthrough in 3D Downsizing

After a great deal of work on simplifying hardware and software, Cyberware has dramatically reduced the cost of 3D scanning. At an introductory price of $14,900 (CA, MX, US), our new Model 15 breaks all previous price/performance records for 3D scanners. While we were at it, we made 3D scanning easier than ever before. The Model 15 offers rapid, high-resolution 3D scanning in an easy-to-use desktop system that will appeal to a broad range of users.

The Model 15's low cost was made possible by reducing the scanner's size and simplifying the design. The performance, optics, and electronics are as good as those of Cyberware's other scanners, yet the mechanical assemblies are simpler and the optics do not require the manufacturing adjustments needed by the other scanners. The Model 15 features a complete 3D scanning package and scanning unit, motion subsystem, and software in an integrated format that fits easily on a desktop. With the addition of a Silicon Graphics workstation, the system includes everything you need to make fast, high-quality 3D scans. The motion subsystem built into the Model 15 furnishes both linear and cylindrical scanning. These scanning patterns allow you to scan virtually any type of object using a field of view measuring 25 × 15 × 7.5 cm (X, Y, Z). With multiple scans, you can scan somewhat larger objects.

All the scanning motions and other settings are controlled completely by the software that comes with the Model 15. This software, an enhanced version of Cyberware's previous bundled software release, gives even non-technical users an easy way to capture the shape of 3D objects. The new software achieves exceptional results by quickly and automatically combining dozens of scans. Each scan requires only a few seconds, yet the technique eliminates much of the shadowing that can sometimes make complex objects difficult to model. Models are often completed in less than an hour. The bundled software includes tools for controlling the scanner, viewing scanned images, merging multiple scans, decimating polygonal models, and converting the models to a variety of formats. Optional software allows you to edit polygonal surfaces, fit NURBS surfaces, and create displacements maps. In short, you can use the Model 15 to do all sorts of 3D scanning projects. Whether you're working on special effects for low-budget films or high quality implants for medical applications, or anything in between, the Model 15 might be just the tool you've been looking for.

Distributor News

headus (metamorphosis)

The saga of headus (metamorphosis)—Cyberware distributor, service bureau, and dedicated developer of 3D scanning tools—began in 1992 at SIGGRAPH. It was there that artist Jill Smith first saw a Cyberware scanner, and she liked what she saw. She liked it so much, she took some sample scan files back with her to Western Australia and showed them to research programmer Phil Dench.

Presented with the challenge of doing something useful with the scan data, Phil proceeded to develop a whole series of powerful scanning-support tools.

Phil started with CySurf, software for editing and surfacing single scans. He has since developed Guee for scanning; CyEdit for scan editing; CyPaste, CyPie, and CyEat for multiple-scan merging; and CyDir for tying these parts together into a single system. These software tools have made a big contribution to 3D scanning as we know it.

In the meantime, Jill had purchased a 3030RGB scanning unit along with both MS and PS motion platforms. Jill and Phil established the company, headus (metamorphosis), in 1994 to act as a service bureau and R&D firm. The company is also the Australian distributor of Cyberware products.

You can get more details about headus (metamorphosis) by calling the company in Perth at +619-444-4648, or by visiting the company's Web page at For information about the company's software tools, contact Cyberware.

And, by the way, the name headus (metamorphosis) comes from a paper titled "Headus Metamorphosis" that Phil once wrote about the new world of 3D scanning, editing, and printing. "It seemed like too good a name to waste," says Phil.

Service Center News:

From Nesting Tables to Motorcycle Parts

Now providing top-notch color 3D scanning in Northern California, Scansite 3D Services works with both the MS and PS Cyberware motion platforms. Partners David Bassett and Lisa Federici can therefore scan both objects and people's faces for purposes such as industrial design, anthropology, medicine, architecture, and entertainment.

David, an architect and sculptor, became interested in 3D scanning when his furniture designs in AutoCAD became too tedious. His first Cyberware project was to scan plaster molds of a set of nesting tables designed by sculptor Miranda Leonard. The scan models were used to mill molds, which served as the basis for a wet-lay-up process with layers of graphite and Kevlar cloth (similar to that used with fiberglass). The finely matched tables that resulted from this process are a work of art and are accepted as part of the permanent collection of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.

In the meantime, Scansite has been scanning motorcycle parts, a prototype for binoculars, and the heads of all the employees of a company for use on an upcoming 3D World Wide Web page.

You can contact Scansite at 415-488-9500; fax 415-488-1647; E-mail:

Reshape the Way You Edit 3D Models

Cyberware scanners have a special talent for capturing the shapes and curves of the real world, and that talent has finally found its equal in a 3D editor. Created by Dr. David G. Alciatore of Colorado State University, CySculpt is the first tool for editing the irregularly shaped surface areas of your 3D models. You can use CySculpt to reshape and edit your 3D models exactly the way you want, without disturbing parts you don't want to change.

You begin by defining the area you want to edit. CySculpt offers a variety of ways to do this, including picking a series of points and having CySculpt automatically connect them into a closed shape. Then you can take advantage of CySculpt's many different types of editing and reshaping functions: smooth the surface; roughen it; sculpt it in our out; decimate it to reduce the number of facets, but retain detail; refine it to increase the resolution; fill it to remove holes; or delete the area to create a hole. When working with a symmetrical surface such as a scanned human face, you can perform automatic mirror image editing and sculpting. In addition to editing areas, you can apply some operations to the entire model or to specific points or facets.

To make editing easier, CySculpt shows you multiple views of a model and provides interactive control over pan, rotation, and perspective. CySculpt also comes with utilities for repairing model data, performing measurements, and preparing models for reproduction on a rapid prototyping system. From medical applications to animation, CySculpt gives you the power to shape surfaces as though you were sculpting clay. This is the most versatile editor for Cyberware models ever. It is available directly from Cyberware.

For free demo software, plus the complete user guide, see Cyberware's web site at:

Click on Products, then Software for 3D Digitizing, then CySculpt Sculpting Software.

Push-Button Scanning

Now you can set up complex scans without writing a complicated script file. Using Cyberware's new CyDir software, you enter a few values in a dialog box and click a button. CyDir does the scanning for you automatically and keeps track of the resulting files.

Say you want to make 10 linear scans of an object and rotate the object 36 degrees between each scan, so that you get full coverage. In CyDir you enter the number of scans, the linear distance of each scan (the width of the object), and whether you want it in color or not.

CyDir handles all the details from there. When you've finished the scanning, you can use the editor built into CyDir to remove any parts you don't want, such as a mounting bracket or stray points. The editor works a little like a paint program. You paint over the unwanted part and the editor deletes those points. CyDir also gives you push-button access to other Cyberware tools. You can launch CyPie, for instance, to assemble your scans into a complete 3D model. CyDir is now available from Cyberware. For data info or demo software contact

Getting Your Models into Shape

Like a gym for 3D models, InnovMetric's POLYWORKS™ software tool suite provides everything you need to trim up and slim down your Cyberware data. POLYWORKS is the first complete and fully integrated line of software tools for transforming Cyberware scanner data into completed color 3D models. The first two POLYWORKS modules (IMEdit and IMCompress) are already in use at organizations such as BMW, Boeing, Daimler-Benz, Land Rover, Lockheed-Martin, NASA, NRL, and Rockwell.

With the highly automated POLYWORKS, you can scan and create an accurate polygonal model at several levels of resolution in less than a day. Because POLYWORKS produces models directly in a polygonal format, the tool suite is ideal for real-time 3D graphics applications such as visualization, visual simulation, creation of virtual environments, creation of virtual 3D collections, and multimedia.

POLYWORKS includes six main modules:

Among the most impressive of these modules is IMAlign, which can align an unlimited number of scans into a single model. The Visual Information Technology group of the National Research Council of Canada has successfully aligned 82 scans of approximately 0.5 Mbytes each, representing an outdoor sculpture measuring 28 x 4 feet. The alignment was performed on an Indigo High Impact equipped with 128 Megabytes of RAM.

IMAlign is useful with the standard scanning approach of putting the object on a turntable and acquiring a set of initial scans at different angles. To capture the object's top and bottom or detailed areas, you must rotate the object in front of the scanner. An advantage of IMAlign is you can obtain a quick initial alignment to see what additional scans you need. You get this alignment by roughly selecting four or five pairs of matching points with the mouse; IMAlign does the rest automatically.

When aligning scans in such a sequential manner, slight alignment errors tend to build up in a larger cumulative error. To obtain a precise alignment, IMAlign includes an automatic global-optimization process that computes the best alignment for the scans. IMAlign also provides tools for visualizing the alignment accuracy of each scan. These tools identify poorly aligned scans that visually seem to be aligned perfectly.

As another example of IMAlign's convenience, the module includes a tool for estimating the number of triangles that will be produced when scans are merged by the completely automatic IMMerge module. You can then adjust the merging parameters to obtain a target number of polygons. IMMerge merges any number of scans representing objects of any topology.

All of the POLYWORKS modules are tightly integrated in a user-friendly Motif environment for Silicon Graphics workstations. POLYWORKS' high level of automation and ease-of-sue features enable users to obtain excellent results without being experts in 3D modeling. The software is available from Cyberware.

For a demo tape:

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